Franchising and the Internet - Part 2
Part two of a two-part series
In Part 1, we explored the importance to a franchisor of having a website. In this article we will take a look at some of the options franchisors have in establishing websites for their individual locations.
Websites can be an important addition to any franchise system. Franchisor websites allow franchisors to provide consumers with information about their products and services. They also enable franchisors to introduce potential new franchisees to the opportunity of owning one of their locations.
Similarly, franchisee websites enable franchisees to provide potential customers with information about where their business is located, their hours of operation, and ways in which consumers can contact and purchase from them. Franchisees often provide other information that features their location including personnel information, community involvement, awards the franchisee may have won, products and services they have available, and specials the customer may be interest in.
Consumers like franchisee websites and are more likely to visit those sites that change their information frequently as they look for specials, new products, and other interesting information about the location.
There are several options that franchisors have in establishing websites for each of their locations. They can:
- Let franchisees establish websites independently and without any specific guidelines; or
- Let franchisees establish websites individually but provide them with templates and guidelines so that the sites have a more uniform appearance and content; or
- Develop and maintain websites for all of their locations.
There are advantages and disadvantages to each approach.
Franchisees often develop independent websites for their businesses when their franchisor has not established any policies for the system or has not provided them with any guidance on methods for establishing websites through the franchisor. In some franchise systems the lack of leadership from a franchisor in providing methods for franchisee websites has created a vacuum that franchisees feel needs to be filled, and they move independently to get their own consumer message on the Internet.
Websites that are developed by franchisees without any guidelines or controls by the franchisor are the least attractive option for franchisors, for a host of reasons:
- It can make it difficult for consumers and potential franchisees to find the franchisor’s website, since search engines may direct individuals to franchisee sites due to confusion over the use of the franchisor’s trademarks in domain names and Meta tags.
- It can make it difficult for franchisors to provide links to and from the system’s main website due to content and inconsistencies on the franchisee sites.
- It has the potential to dilute the system’s brand message because of variations in website content.
- It has the potential to negatively impact the business at the system’s brick and mortar location due to poor e-commerce activities conducted by the individual locations.
- If franchisees are not careful, independent websites may contain information that jeopardizes trade secrets and copyrighted material. Also, the use of customer information can cause privacy right concerns.
- Independent websites may contain unexpected links or adverting that could include information about competitors or other service providers that may be inappropriate. These could include auction sites, discounters, consolidators, or even competitive web directories
Overall, independent websites that are developed without any guidelines or controls can be problematic for both franchisors and each of the franchisees. Should franchisees choose to provide information that truly differentiates themselves from others in the system based upon price or services, there is the risk of intrabrand competition that can be very damaging to the brand consistency that franchisors work hard to maintain. Also, if franchisees begin to offer unrestricted Internet sales, there is an increase in the risk of territorial disputes between franchisees, since sales from one location may take place in another franchisee’s territory. Also, research shows that poorly performing Internet sales activity has a negative impact on how the bricks and mortar locations are viewed by the public – and this can impact overall system sales.
When they have the ability, franchisors will likely avoid independent franchisee sites that are set up without any policies or controls, and will tend to use one of the other methods available.
Websites Developed by Franchisees Using Templates
Franchisee-developed websites that use franchisor-provided templates and content guidelines solve many of the problems found in independent sites, while securing most of the benefits for the franchisor and franchisee. Unfortunately, since these sites are still developed and maintained by each franchisee, there are still some issues that franchisors and franchisees need to address:
- Since each site is developed and maintained individually, and given the potential number of sites that have to be monitored by a franchisor, there is a high cost of reviewing each site and monitoring changes made by franchisees to the content, format, scripts, and even spelling that may appear on each site.
- With the number of sites that need to be monitored and the ability of franchisees to make frequent changes to their sites, the risk that the franchisor may miss errors and the potential that problems will not be identified is high.
- Personalization of the site by the franchisee, even using a uniform template, can still cause conflict with the brand’s consistency and chain image.
Monitoring franchisee sites can also cause relationship problems with franchisees. Because franchisees will be in control over the content and frequency of changes to the websites, there will likely be frequent discussions and often negotiations with franchisees over the format and content of their sites. This will likely not be the best use of either the franchisor’s or the franchisee’s time. Also, many of the other risks associated with trade secrets, Meta Tags, consumer privacy, intra-brand competition, and Internet sales can still cause the system problems.
Websites Developed by Franchisors
For most franchisors and franchisees, the best option will likely be for the franchisor to develop and maintain sites centrally for each its locations, since doing so provides the best control over the format and look of the sites and their content:
- By developing and maintaining sites for the entire system, the franchisor and franchisees can be assured that each site will have a consistent look and feel. The brand messages are protected.
- The websites will contain information about each location, and periodically franchisees will be able to update their information by providing changes to the franchisor.
- Consumers will be able to access the franchisee’s site through links on the franchisor’s site because of consistent use of domain names and Meta Tags.
- Potential franchisees will be able to access information about the system quickly.
- Linkage to and from franchisee sites will be uniform and consistent, as will on-site links and advertising.
- Franchisees are protected from the risk of online activities of other franchisees, and there is a reduced risk of territorial risks from e-commerce.
- Trade secrets, copyrighted material, and marks are protected, and there is a reduction in the risks associated with consumer privacy and other issues.
- Consumer feedback to the system can be facilitated.
One of the negative issues associated with a franchisor developing individual sites for franchisees is that they are expensive to set up and expensive to maintain. Additionally, franchisees may wish to personalize and localize the content of their web pages to a greater extent than allowed by the franchisor. Finally, because of the volume of changes to franchisee sites, the franchisor’s ability to modify the sites will be slower than if each franchisee was making their own modifications.
While many of the older franchise agreements may not clearly provide franchisors and franchisees with specific information about each party’s rights under the Internet and e-commerce, it is important for franchisors and franchisees to remember that they must keep the customer in focus. Websites should serve customers first by understanding how consumers want to shop and what information consumers need to make their buying decisions. Disputes that impact what has traditionally been the backbone of franchising’s success – brand consistency – need to be avoided. What we have learned from some of the recent disputes in franchising about franchisee and franchisor rights concerning e-commerce activities is that the only party that wins from these kinds of disputes is the competitors.